In India, 1.7 million birth defect cases are reported annually, according to a report by March of Dimes. In the United States, 1 in 1,000 babies are born with clubbed foot every year. Also known as talipes equinovarus, this condition can be cured completely with proper medical care. Treatment processes usually include pointing, stretching and casting the foot. The best paediatric surgeon in Delhi says that post treatment, the child is usually able to perform all physical activities perfectly.
If the prenatal ultrasound has detected the condition in the baby, here’s all you need to know about clubbed foot.
Clubbed foot is a condition in which the foot is twisted inwards and the heel faces sideways. It might also point downward in a few cases. In half the cases, both the feet are oddly shaped. Many children suffer from clubbed foot, along with other birth defects, like Spina Bifida. The condition is further divided into two types – isolated and non-isolated. The former is seen in children who have zero medical complications. The latter is usually seen in children with underlying genetic abnormalities. It has been noticed that clubbed foot is usually more common among baby boys.
When the child is born, look for these symptoms to be sure of the condition:
- A deep crease at the bottom of the foot.
- The structure is somewhat upside down.
- The foot is kidney shaped, with a turned look.
- Thin calf muscles in either or both legs.
- Feet are not as flexible as they normally should be.
- The arch is deeper than usual.
- The affected foot is shorter than the other.
- Both feet are turned towards each other or are pointed downward.
- The ankles and bones of the foot do not appear normal.
- The overall structure looks abnormal.
The best pediatric surgeons in Delhi can easily detect clubbed foot, while the baby is still inside the womb. This is particularly effective, since treatment can be planned before birth.
Clubbed foot usually occurs when the tendons joining the leg muscles and the heels are shorter than normal. Due to this, they tighten up, leading to a crooked structure. There are multiple other reasons why a child could be born with this condition, genes being one of them. The baby could be at risk if there is a family history of the defect. In case the child is already suffering from cerebral palsy or other medical conditions, they might end up with clubbed feet as well. In case the mother has been affected by the Zika virus during pregnancy, chances of birth defects increase. Also, when the mother smokes or is a passive smoker on a regular basis, the chances of the baby being affected is twice as much as in non-smoker mothers. In fact, drug, abuse and high alcohol consumption can result in clubbed foot.
Treatments are quite effective when started early, say the best pediatric surgeons in Delhi. Most children are able to run, walk and wear normal shoes, without any complications in future.